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VBScript read/write binary, encode/decode Base64

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Hi folks,

this time a longer posting, especially the code listing below. Today I’ll show some VBScript sample code on how to read/write a (binary) file and encode/decode it to/from Base64. You may ask why… Okay, this is mainly usefull if you need to call WebServices with byte array parameters when your file lies on disk. BTW: with it’s relativly easy to call WebServices with VBScript and I should really blog an example later.

Imagine a WebService to convert certain file types, e.g. image formats. With this sample functions (+ PocketSoap) calling it would be no problem and may turns out usefull for thumbnail generation, picture post editing and whatever you want to do with a binary file received by a WebService on server-side…

Okay, enough blabla, now the script, which is blasting fast btw. This should work out-of-the-box on every XP machine (vista untested), should be self-documenting enough to understand and you may use an image file for proof of concept, like I used a little smiley png. And yes, I named the Script “ReadFileEncodeBase64DecodeBase64WriteFile.vbs” (try typing first letters and press TAB when using cmd) as it’s only used for sample purposes. Happy coding!

Greetz, GHad

01 '
02 ' Call via cmd: cscript ReadFileEncodeBase64DecodeBase64WriteFile.vbs [pathToFile]
03 '
04 ' - Reads file from arg into byte array
05 ' - Encodes byte array to Base64 String
06 ' - Decodes Base64 String to byte array
07 ' - Writes byte array to new file
08 '
09 ' Sample WITHOUT any warrenty! Use at own risk! Copyright 2008 Gerhard Balthasar
10 '
12 Option Explicit
13 ' common consts
14 Const TypeBinary = 1
15 Const ForReading = 1, ForWriting = 2, ForAppending = 8
17 ' getting file from args (no checks!)
18 Dim arguments, inFile, outFile
20 Set arguments = WScript.Arguments
21 inFile = arguments(0)
22 outFile = "new_" & inFile
24 Dim inByteArray, base64Encoded, base64Decoded, outByteArray
26 inByteArray = readBytes(inFile)
27 base64Encoded = encodeBase64(inByteArray)
29 Wscript.echo "Base64 encoded: " + base64Encoded
31 base64Decoded = decodeBase64(base64Encoded)
32 writeBytes outFile, base64Decoded
34 Wscript.echo "Finished!"
36 private function readBytes(file)
37 dim inStream
38 ' ADODB stream object used
39 set inStream = WScript.CreateObject("ADODB.Stream")
40 ' open with no arguments makes the stream an empty container
41 inStream.Open
42 inStream.type= TypeBinary
43 inStream.LoadFromFile(file)
44 readBytes = inStream.Read()
45 end function
47 private function encodeBase64(bytes)
48 dim DM, EL
49 Set DM = CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLDOM")
50 ' Create temporary node with Base64 data type
51 Set EL = DM.createElement("tmp")
52 EL.DataType = "bin.base64"
53 ' Set bytes, get encoded String
54 EL.NodeTypedValue = bytes
55 encodeBase64 = EL.Text
56 end function
58 private function decodeBase64(base64)
59 dim DM, EL
60 Set DM = CreateObject("Microsoft.XMLDOM")
61 ' Create temporary node with Base64 data type
62 Set EL = DM.createElement("tmp")
63 EL.DataType = "bin.base64"
64 ' Set encoded String, get bytes
65 EL.Text = base64
66 decodeBase64 = EL.NodeTypedValue
67 end function
69 private Sub writeBytes(file, bytes)
70 Dim binaryStream
71 Set binaryStream = CreateObject("ADODB.Stream")
72 binaryStream.Type = TypeBinary
73 'Open the stream and write binary data
74 binaryStream.Open
75 binaryStream.Write bytes
76 'Save binary data to disk
77 binaryStream.SaveToFile file, ForWriting
78 End Sub

Written by cuongk6t

06/06/2011 at 9:22 am

Posted in Uncategorized

One Response

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  1. I usually do not leave many responses, however after
    reading a lot of comments here VBScript read/write binary, encode/decode Base64 | cuongk6t’s Blog. I do have a couple of questions for you if you don’t mind.
    Could it be only me or does it look like a few of these responses look like they are coming from brain dead people?

    😛 And, if you are posting on additional places,
    I’d like to follow you. Would you list of every one of your social community sites like your twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile?


    09/07/2013 at 3:26 pm

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