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How to install Nagios on CentOS 6 or Fedora

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source: nagios

Fedora Quickstart


Introduction

This guide is intended to provide you with simple instructions on how to install Nagios from source (code) on Fedora and have it monitoring your local machine inside of 20 minutes. No advanced installation options are discussed here – just the basics that will work for 95% of users who want to get started.

These instructions were written based on a standard Fedora Core 6 Linux distribution.

What You’ll End Up With

If you follow these instructions, here’s what you’ll end up with:

  • Nagios and the plugins will be installed underneath /usr/local/nagios
  • Nagios will be configured to monitor a few aspects of your local system (CPU load, disk usage, etc.)
  • The Nagios web interface will be accessible at http://localhost/nagios/

Prerequisites

During portions of the installation you’ll need to have root access to your machine.

Make sure you’ve installed the following packages on your Fedora installation before continuing.

  • Apache
  • PHP
  • GCC compiler
  • GD development libraries

You can use yum to install these packages by running the following commands (as root):

yum install httpd php

yum install gcc glibc glibc-common

yum install gd gd-devel

1) Create Account Information

Become the root user.

su -l

Create a new nagios user account and give it a password.

/usr/sbin/useradd -m nagios

passwd nagios

Create a new nagcmd group for allowing external commands to be submitted through the web interface. Add both the nagios user and the apache user to the group.

/usr/sbin/groupadd nagcmd

/usr/sbin/usermod -a -G nagcmd nagios

/usr/sbin/usermod -a -G nagcmd apache

2) Download Nagios and the Plugins

Create a directory for storing the downloads.

mkdir ~/downloads

cd ~/downloads

Download the source code tarballs of both Nagios and the Nagios plugins (visit http://www.nagios.org/download/ for links to the latest versions). These directions were tested with Nagios 3.1.1 and Nagios Plugins 1.4.11.

wget http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/nagios/nagios-3.2.3.tar.gz

wget http://prdownloads.sourceforge.net/sourceforge/nagiosplug/nagios-plugins-1.4.11.tar.gz

3) Compile and Install Nagios

Extract the Nagios source code tarball.

cd ~/downloads

tar xzf nagios-3.2.3.tar.gz

cd nagios-3.2.3

Run the Nagios configure script, passing the name of the group you created earlier like so:

./configure --with-command-group=nagcmd

Compile the Nagios source code.

make all

Install binaries, init script, sample config files and set permissions on the external command directory.

make install

make install-init

make install-config

make install-commandmode

Don’t start Nagios yet – there’s still more that needs to be done…

4) Customize Configuration

Sample configuration files have now been installed in the /usr/local/nagios/etc directory. These sample files should work fine for getting started with Nagios. You’ll need to make just one change before you proceed…

Edit the /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg config file with your favorite editor and change the email address associated with the nagiosadmin contact definition to the address you’d like to use for receiving alerts.

vi /usr/local/nagios/etc/objects/contacts.cfg

5) Configure the Web Interface

Install the Nagios web config file in the Apache conf.d directory.

make install-webconf

Create a nagiosadmin account for logging into the Nagios web interface. Remember the password you assign to this account – you’ll need it later.

htpasswd -c /usr/local/nagios/etc/htpasswd.users nagiosadmin

Restart Apache to make the new settings take effect.

service httpd restart

note Note: Consider implementing the ehanced CGI security measures described here to ensure that your web authentication credentials are not compromised.

6) Compile and Install the Nagios Plugins

Extract the Nagios plugins source code tarball.

cd ~/downloads

tar xzf nagios-plugins-1.4.11.tar.gz

cd nagios-plugins-1.4.11

Compile and install the plugins.

./configure --with-nagios-user=nagios --with-nagios-group=nagios

make

make install

7) Start Nagios

Add Nagios to the list of system services and have it automatically start when the system boots.

chkconfig --add nagios

chkconfig nagios on

Verify the sample Nagios configuration files.

/usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios -v /usr/local/nagios/etc/nagios.cfg

If there are no errors, start Nagios.

service nagios start

8) Modify SELinux Settings

Fedora ships with SELinux (Security Enhanced Linux) installed and in Enforcing mode by default. This can result in “Internal Server Error” messages when you attempt to access the Nagios CGIs.

See if SELinux is in Enforcing mode.

getenforce

Put SELinux into Permissive mode.

setenforce 0

To make this change permanent, you’ll have to modify the settings in /etc/selinux/config and reboot.

Instead of disabling SELinux or setting it to permissive mode, you can use the following command to run the CGIs under SELinux enforcing/targeted mode:

chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_t /usr/local/nagios/sbin/

chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_t /usr/local/nagios/share/

For information on running the Nagios CGIs under Enforcing mode with a targeted policy, visit the Nagios Support Portal or Nagios Community Wiki.

9) Login to the Web Interface

You should now be able to access the Nagios web interface at the URL below. You’ll be prompted for the username (nagiosadmin) and password you specified earlier.

http://localhost/nagios/

Click on the “Service Detail” navbar link to see details of what’s being monitored on your local machine. It will take a few minutes for Nagios to check all the services associated with your machine, as the checks are spread out over time.

10) Other Modifications

Make sure your machine’s firewall rules are configured to allow access to the web server if you want to access the Nagios interface remotely.

Configuring email notifications is out of the scope of this documentation. While Nagios is currently configured to send you email notifications, your system may not yet have a mail program properly installed or configured. Refer to your system documentation, search the web, or look to the Nagios Support Portal or Nagios Community Wiki for specific instructions on configuring your system to send email messages to external addresses. More information on notifications can be found here.

11) You’re Done

Congratulations! You sucessfully installed Nagios. Your journey into monitoring is just beginning. You’ll no doubt want to monitor more than just your local machine, so check out the following docs…


6/2011 – cuongk6t

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Written by cuongk6t

07/06/2011 at 4:48 pm

19 Responses

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  1. do this if you get error when add a new comment in Service Comments (Nagios)

    sudo chcon -R -t httpd_sys_script_rw_t /usr/local/nagios/var/rw

    cuongk6t

    10/06/2011 at 4:21 pm

  2. Next from before comment

    Error detail: “Error: Could not stat() command file ‘/usr/local/nagios/var/rw/nagios.cmd’!”

    cuongk6t

    10/06/2011 at 4:29 pm

  3. Executable file /usr/local/nagios/bin/nagios not found. Exiting.

    Everything seemed to compile OK…

    E. Hyvarinen

    15/09/2011 at 2:11 am

  4. Thanks for the instructions! Very well written!
    when installing Centos 6 in virtualbox 4.1.6 I did have a problem with NIC not obtaining an IP but then I used a command I found “dhclient -v eth0″ and it got the IP for the installation. everything appeared to install with out error. nagios starts along with httpd without a problem but when I go to browse nagios it never comes up. any ideas? Thanks again for the recipe!

    Robert

    12/12/2011 at 3:01 am

  5. Thanks for the great tutorial! Much appreciated

    Dave

    13/12/2011 at 4:37 am

  6. Thanks! Very good tutorial!

    Marek

    28/12/2011 at 4:40 pm

  7. Thank you very much! Every single line copied and pasted worked perfectly. On first attempt I connected to my nagios interface first time via https – Awesome tutorial…and I learnt so much….thank you…thank you…thank you!

    Mohammed

    Mohammed

    03/01/2012 at 2:42 am

  8. Excellent tutorial.

    Dung

    14/02/2012 at 8:29 pm

  9. Thanks for the tutorial. Nagios is awesome.

    Michael

    25/02/2012 at 10:46 am

  10. After multiple tries on Cent O/S and latest stable release, the default site comes up but every other menu section section gives

    Internal Server Error
    The server encountered an internal error or misconfiguration and was unable to complete your request.

    What else needs to be done ?

    John Tsai

    02/03/2012 at 8:16 pm

  11. Perfect :)

    Capricorn

    18/03/2012 at 7:58 pm

  12. John: check your webserver error log

    Capricorn

    18/03/2012 at 7:58 pm

  13. Dear Guest,
    I’m very happy if this tutorial can help you. two months ago, I’m very busy for my projects until now.
    I’ll write new tutorials from now. It’s very useful.
    Have a nice day.

    cuongk6t

    06/04/2012 at 6:15 pm

  14. [...] You may also need to set SELinux into permissive mode(Source): [...]

  15. Hi mates, its impressive piece of writing regarding educationand completely explained, keep it up all the time.

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  17. I was recommended this web site by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem.
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